From Rajiv Shukla
NEW DELHI : Over two decades after the establishment of the All
India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) the Supreme Court on
April 25 corrected a major flaw in AICTE's technical education
it declared that the business management studies ought to be part of
“We hold that MBA course is not a
technical course within the definition of the AICTE Act,” a Bench
comprising Justices BS Chauhan and V Gopala Gowda ruled while
allowing the appeal in the
Association of Management of Private Colleges
vs All India Council for Technical Education and others.
(Civil Appeal No. 1145 of 2004)
The Apex Court struck down the
amendment made to the
AICTE Act in 2000 inserting words
“MBA and MCA” before Architecture and Hotel Management courses as
the amended regulations were not placed on the floor of the Houses
of Parliament as required under Section 24 of the AICTE Act.
The appeal had argued that the AICTE
Act being an enactment of Parliament could not be amended in year
2000 without being placed in the Parliament. This argument was
accepted by the Court to knock off AICTE's jurisdiction.
“As per definition of ‘technical
education’ under Section 2 (g) of the AICTE Act and non production
of any material by the AICTE to show that MBA course is a technical
education, we hold that MBA course is not a technical course within
the definition of the AICTE Act,” the bench said.
However, Master of Computer
Applications (MCA) fell under the technical education category, but
for regulating the course, the role of AICTE must be advisory. “The
relief sought for in the writ petitions is granted and there is no
need to seek approval from the AICTE for MBA and MCA courses,” the
Supreme Court held.
The court also ruled that the AICTE
did not have any control and supervision over affiliated colleges of
their respective universities. “The applicability of bringing the
university as defined under clause 2 (f) of the UGC Act includes the
institution deemed to be a university under Section 3 of the said
Act and therefore, the affiliated colleges are excluded from the
purview of technical institution definition of the AICTE Act,” the
The bench held that though MCA was a
technical course, the AICTE had no business to lay down standards as
for this purpose the Parliament had already enacted the UGC Act.
Moreover, the role of AICTE was advisory and could only impose
uniform standards of education in affiliated members of a university
by putting a note to the UGC, the bench said.
The case has come as a second big blow
Bharathidasan University & Ans vs AICTE & Ors case
delivered on September 24, 2001.
The landmark case
all universities and deemed universities from the ambit of the
AICTE Act triggering off a rat race for the deemed university status
in the country.
Private, public companies can set
technical colleges, Parliament told
NEW DELHI ; On November 27 the government told Parliament
that all private and public limited companies with a turnover of
over Rs 100 crore for the past three consecutive years will now be
allowed to set up technical colleges.
In response to a related query on the subject, Minister of State for
Human Resource Development Shashi Tharoor said that the decision had
been taken by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)
in view of the lack of skills among the passouts who graduate from
the engineering colleges.
A PIB press note said that the new rule would be applicable from
next year. “The AICTE has allowed from 2013-14 private limited or
public limited companies/industries having a turnover of at least Rs
100 crore per year for previous three years to establish new
technical institutions in engineering and technology, pharmacy,
architecture, town planning, hotel management and catering
technology,” Tharoor said in a written reply.
There are several reports by industry based organizations commenting
on the lack of adequate skills in the technical education imparted
to the students and hence less employability. Therefore, AICTE has
reviewed the curriculum and has come up with model curriculum to
involve industry best practices. The model curriculum is available
on the AICTE website.
AICTE has further proposed scheme of setting up of research park
with the industry in certain good institutions where AICTE will fund
up to one crore of a rupees along with matching grant from the
industry. It is expected that the institute will provide about 350
to 500 Sq. Mtr. of area within the campus to the industry to set up
research extension facility within the institute. This facility
would provide the students to work on live projects and faculty to
participate with the industry experts for the same whereas the
industry also would benefit from the faculty expertise.
AICTE also promotes entrepreneurship development with the industry.
Further AICTE funds industry institute partnership cell to be set up
within the institutions. Further AICTE promotes innovation
promotions within the institutes based on the requirement of the
industry through its students of technical institutions and funds
The entry, initially has been allowed to benign
companies defined under section 25 of the Companies Act,
1956 -- and in only 241 districts where currently no
AICTE Institution exists -- giving profiteers a fair
hint to wait and watch.
Besides, the corporates
have been allowed to
set up campuses through PPP or through
build-operate-transfer mode under agreement with public
sector. Like all other companies, the educational
institutions set up by the benign companies will be
regulated by the
ministry of corporate affairs.
Till now only registered
Trusts and Societies were allowed to establish technical
education institutions in the country -- this was to keep
business coporates at bay.
The announcement of this crucial decision was made by
the Union Human Resource Development Minister Kapil
Sibal on behalf of the All India Council for Technical
Education (AICTE) on December 30, 2011.
“We will henceforth allow
companies registered as non-profit entities under
Section 25 of the Companies Act 1956 to establish
technical institutions to allow good corporates to set
up institutions. However, no joint venture can apply for
this,” Sibal had announced.
Corporate houses have been
demanding such a provision for a long time, saying it is
much easier to function as a Section 25 company than as
a trust or society.
Announcing a major
relaxation in the AICTE norms the minister had declared
that in rural sector, only 10 acre will be required to
set up an engineering institute while in urban sector
only 2.5 acre -- obviously indicating a vertical
construction module for the technical education
The AICTE has also
modified the approval norms under which institutes could
offer stand-alone postgraduate programme. Under the
existing norms PG courses were allowed only on campuses
that offered undergraduate programmes. However now the
AICTE has allowed stand-alone PG institutes as well.
Sibal said B.Sc students
could seek lateral entry to a second-year B.Tech degree
programme provided they had mathematics at Class XII or
at the BSc level.
Tech courses through distance edu
From Our Correspondent
CHANDIGARH : On November 6 the Punjab and Haryana high court
ruled that there is no specific power or function of the Distance
Education Council (DEC) to impart technical education through the
distance education mode.
The order came from a division bench comprising justice Hemant Gupta
and justice Rajiv Narain Raina in
vs Union of India case while deciding a bunch of 148
A public interest litigation on the matter was first filed by one
Kartar Singh seeking directions to the authorities concerned to stop
the illegal educational institutions imparting degrees in
professional/technical courses through distance education and take
action against the centres established beyond the territorial
jurisdiction of such institutions.
In its 160-page detailed judgment, the bench said, “Though the court
is sympathetic with the cause of students, but the larger public
interest demands that the students who have not got formal technical
education should not be considered eligible for appointment under
The bench mainly decided in respect of technical/professional
courses imparted through the distance education mode by Vinayaka
Mission’s Research Foundation, Salem in Tamil Nadu; IASE Gandhi
Vidya Mandir, Sardar Shahar in Rajasthan; JRN Vidyapeeth, Udaipur,
in Rajasthan, and Allahabad Agriculture Research Institute in Uttar
Pradesh. “We hold that the approval granted by the Distance
Education Council, dated August 29, 2007, to the institutes in
question is illegal and unwarranted and beyond the scope of
authority vested in it,” the bench said.
"We hold that the deemed to be
universities have started courses in technical education in
violation of the guidelines, instructions, circulars and regulations
framed by the commission not only with starting such courses, but
also in establishing study centres outside their territorial limits
and in subjects for which they were not granted
Therefore, degrees awarded by such deemed to be universities is an
illegal act and such illegality cannot be removed or cured by the
actions of either the commission or the Distance Education Council,"
“As a necessary consequence, degrees granted by such deemed-to-be
universities are illegal and candidates can’t be deemed to be
qualified in purported subjects in the absence of approval from the
University Grants Commission,” the bench observed.
The Bench held that the approval
granted by the Distance Education Council on August 29, 2007, to
some institutes was illegal, unwarranted and beyond the scope of
authority vested in it.
The Bench held that a deemed to be
university was not on a par with a university incorporated by a
Central or state statute. Both, however, are competent to award
Also, a deemed to be university "can
start a study centre outside the headquarters in areas where there
is a reasonable concentration of students. But such a centre cannot
be established beyond the territorial limits represented at the time
of grant of such status in the MoA, except with the permission of
the University Grants Commission and the state
government, where such study centre is to be located," the Bench
It also stated that the certificate/diploma course in multipurpose
health was meant to be approved by the Indian Nursing Council, the
State Nursing Council or the All-India Technical Council. “Since the
course is not approved by the Commission or by any other statutory
authority, the qualification/ diploma granted by a deemed-to-be
university will not make such candidate eligible for appointment,”
the bench said.
The bench also set aside an earlier judgment of a single-judge bench
of the high court which had held that a degree in engineering
obtained through distance education mode was a valid degree for the
purpose of public appointments.
In case of the Associate Member of the Institution of Engineers (AMIE),
the bench said, “Qualification of AMIE is relevant for the purposes
of promotion and not for direct recruitment, as an associate member
becomes eligible for membership only if he is engaged in the
AICTE wakes up,
plans BE-MBA composite course
From Our Correspondent
NEW DELHI : Waking up late -- very late -- the
All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)
announced on April 12 that it would launch an
integrated programme from this academic session
that will give engineers with management skills.
The five-and-a-half year long integrated
management programme will also be available for
those aspiring to hold a managerial position in
the field of
architecture, pharmacy or hotel management.
Students will be admitted to the course through
Common Management Admission Test (CMAT).
The basic qualification for appearing in the
test will be 10+2.
It will be a
flexible programme which will provide an
undergraduate degree in 3 or 4 years followed by
a Master’s degree in five years. Apart from this
a five year dual degree management course will
also commence from this academic session.
The AICTE move has
come very late as more and more colleges are
closing down their engineering and postgraduate
management programme for want of students. "Had
the integrated programme come five years ago, it
would have clicked well", says an education
“We will soon issue a
notification in this regard,” officiating AICTE
chairman S S Mantha said.
In the first four years of the programme,
students will complete their course in the
respective discipline opted by them. Thereafter,
they would seamlessly proceed to undergo one and
a half year duration management course.
“After completion of integrated course, those
from engineering will get a degree in integrated
engineering management programme, architecture a
degree in integrated architect management
programme, and likewise in the case of pharmacy
and hotel management,” Mantha said.
Apart from this, the AICTE is also set to launch
a dual degree five year duration management
programme from this academic session. The basic
qualification required for admission to the
programme will be 10+2. The students will be
admitted to the programme through an entrance
test, date of which is yet to be decided by the
“A student can take to a job after completing
his three- year bachelor programme in management
or he can continue one year of the masters
programme,” Mantha said.